University of New South Wales, Sydney
Indonesia, as a developing country, has witnessed steady growth after the financial crisis of 1998. Jakarta in 2014 completed the most high-rise buildings above 200 meters in the world. It continues to grow in recent years with diverse functions that are being accommodated by tall buildings. Technology is one challenge, but it is not the only concern. Building in tropical countries is a serious challenge as most tall buildings in the world are built in temperate climates. We have to consider the aspect of sustainability, the carrying capacity of the city, namely infrastructure, that has been developed by local authorities.
In the last 50 years Indonesia has grown from a young country, as have tall building developments and the importance of urban planning. Indonesia faces challenges from natural disasters and climate change, therefor sustainability is an issue of great importance. As architects, we challenged ourselves to come up with solutions for tropical high-rise buildings based on local wisdom, vernacular architecture and learning from international best practices. Construction and cost feasibility are taller buildings and city densification.
Tall building technology has developed since Indonesia's post-colonial days. Growing environmental concern has changed the design profession to be more careful as to building form and façade. The evolution of Jakarta’s skyline and streetscape has seen immense change.