Head of Architectural Design Department
Ronesans Holding, Istanbul
The aim of this presentation was to produce a case study on the crucial influence of sharp urban, political, and macroeconomic changes in Russia on high-rise building design by presenting the Neva Towers multifunctional center, located in the last plots of Moscow’s newly developed “Manhattan,” and to research its design adaptation as a result of such changes.
The first design of the 357,000-square-meter complex consisted of a podium block where a parking lot and commercial areas were located, as well as two tower units of approximately the same height (287 meters) but different functions (offices and apartments). However, during the foundation construction period in 2014, political and economic crises began. Moscow City instantly became emptier due to sanctions, devaluation, and the flight of foreign investors.
Office stock analysis of Moscow City by the end of 2014 indicates that vacancy rates have risen from 22% up to 44% following the delivery of approximately 200,000 square meters of space. As a result, developers were forced to reconsider their projects, including Neva Towers.
After intensive workshops and studies, it was decided to exclude approximately two-thirds of office space in favor of apartments and to eliminate two retail floors in order to add 11 more floors to the residential tower.
The challenges of this adaptation period experienced both by investors and designers and the process of how such challenges have been overcome were the main elements of this presentation.